United Kingdom Census Records

For genealogists, the United Kingdom Census records are probably the most valuable records presently available. At the moment the census records from 1841 to 1911 are available searchable online at various commercial websites.

The next census, which was taken on Sunday 19 June 1921, is due to be released in 2022, this is despite efforts by various bodies to have it released earlier, as had happened with the 1911 census. However the official government position remained that “its intention to release the entirety of the 1921 Census returns in 2022, in accordance with the non-statutory ‘100 year rule’ which was adopted to reflect this undertaking of confidentiality”. The census when released will provide full details of the 42,767,530 individuals living in the United Kingdom at the time.

1921 Census

This however will sadly be the final census that genealogists will see for more than thirty years for a variety of reasons.

The 1931 census has been destroyed – it was being stored in an Ministry of Works warehouse that on the night of the 19th December 1942 caught fire, not as is commonly believed as a result of the blitz, but simply due to an accident. An archivist from the General Register Office who surveyed the ruins after the fire reported:

You will regret to hear that in a fire last Saturday evening which gutted the Office of Works store containing our Census records at Hayes, the whole of the 1931 schedules, enumeration books, plans of division and miscellaneous material stored in cupboards etc were completely destroyed. Mr Farrow and I went down to inspect the remains yesterday and we are both satisfied that it would be useless to attempt any sort of salvage operation; we are leaving the Office of Works to clear and dispose of the debris in any way they think desirable.

The fire was not occasioned by enemy action and how it achieved such dimensions in a store in which special hydrants had been fitted and said to have been in charge of a fire guard of 6 paid watchers, is a mystery which will need investigation. It is hardly possible to imagine a more complete state of devastation than the scene presented to us in which it was impossible to see where some of the racks had stood and where the remains were nothing more than shapeless mounds of paper rubbish dragged outside the building by the firemen who tackled the fire and where even the least damaged sheets that were recognizable were charred to the depth of two or three inches on all edges.

The next census, due to have been taken in 1941, didn’t happen due to the War, although in 1939, the government department tasked with issuing National Identity Cards did construct a register of every person in the country at the time. Parts of the 1939 register is available online at Find My Past, but only the entries related to individuals born over 100 years ago, or who had died prior to 1991, however if you can prove the death of an individual since 1991, you can request their record to be opened.

1939 Register

Thus the next available census will be that taken in 1951, which not be available until 2052, another 34 years, leaving a massive gap for genealogists, that we will never be able to fill.

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GRO PDF Certificate Trial

Since 12 October 2017, the General Register Office (GRO) has been piloting a new service for genealogists ordering birth and death certificates online.

Previously the only option available was to order the certificate and wait for a paper version to arrive in the post, the cost being £9.25 for standard delivery, or £23.40 for express next-day delivery.

The pilot service gives the option instead for a PDF version of the certificate to be made available online for a lower cost of £6. When your order is available from your GRO account, you will receive an email, and you will then able to view and download the certificate on your computer.

This example shows a PDF I ordered last week of my Irish Great Grandfather’s death.

Screen Shot 2018-01-10 at 16.46.00The original plan was to pilot the service for three months and then to assess the demand. The pilot has now been extended, and hopefully it will become a permanent service and will extended to include other certificates, such as marriages.

 

THE FORTRESS CHURCH, URBAN CATHOLICS 1778-1840

A new publication is being proposed under the title

THE FORTRESS CHURCH,  URBAN CATHOLICS 1778-1840

Defining period

 Beginning     1791 Relief act legalisation of chapels and priests. English Catholics cut off from the continent English Clergy trained in England, decline of seigneurial influence. Chapelbuilding. Disputes between laity and clergy at local level. Local anti Catholicism. Rising wealth of urban middle class, urban poor, spread of schools, Sunday schools. English Catholic printers popular press. education,

End 1840 By then preparations were in hand for the restoration of the hierarchy, the Bishops had taken over Catholic Poor school education, arrival of active (not contemplative) religious orders from France and Ireland. New orders being established for work among urban poor and education. Church building enters a new phase

Defining areas to be studied industrialising towns.

Defining population to be studied lay middle and working class Catholics. Other work is in progress on religious, clergy and aristocracy.

 

If anybody is interested in participating or contributing to this project, please contact Marie Rowlands at marie.rowlands1@gmail.com

 

English Catholic Nuns in Exile 1600-1800 A Biographical Register

‘English Catholic history is, unavoidably, family history’ wrote Francis Young in his book of the Gages of Hengrave in 2015. Nowhere is this more obvious and centrally important than in the establishment and funding of the English convents in exile 1600-1800, and the associated colleges that continued to train priests. The final output of the long-running AHRC-funded Who Were the Nuns? project, led by Dr Caroline Bowden, was published on 30 October by Occasional Publications UPR, Oxford (Prosopographica et Genealogica vol. 15). English Catholic Nuns in Exile 1600-1800, A Biographical Register, edited by K. S. B. Keats-Rohan, was foreseen as the ‘book of the database’, when work started at QMUL in 2008. Once the project was finished and the results available as a live online database in 2012, Katharine Keats-Rohan started work on converting a print-out of the online prosopography into a printed biographical register. Much of the work of connecting the nuns and recreating their extensive family and spiritual networks was originally provided online by a series of pdf genealogical tables produced by Katharine, using a Family Historian database. The database was based on information taken from convent sources, but because of the vicissitudes of convent history, especially the fraught conditions of the re-migration to England c. 1790, data about family was sometimes missing. Such gaps were occasionally filled by recourse to notes in editions of the text by Gillow and others. The genealogies were built from skeletons usually derived from Visitation records such as are frequently printed in many books and articles on recusant families. As work progressed on the Biographical Register it became painfully clear that many of the (often very valuable) footnotes by Gillow and others produced more questions than answers, and that any charts based on Visitation material needed a root and branch re-examination. The result was a systematic exploitation of the evidence of Wills, initially as a means to provide accurate family reconstitution. Very soon it transpired that Wills provide key evidence about the way that the religious life of both nuns and their priest brothers was funded by families acting both as small nuclear groups and extended networks of cousinship. As a result, many of the gaps in the convent data, such as parentage, baptismal name, and sometimes even dates of death as well as birth, have been discovered and incorporated into the fully revised and extended text. In addition, all the original genealogical charts have been completely revised and many additional ones added, all provided in individual annotated charts in 303 separate tables united in a fully searchable Appendix, provided as a pdf on a CD insert.

The hardcover book, ISBN 978-1-900934-14-5, in A4 format, contains 708 pages as well as the 323-page Appendix on CD, and is available from the publisher for £75, plus carriage (by courier) at www.coelweb.co.uk. At a substantial weight of 2.1 kg, interested buyers outside Europe will need to negotiate the delivery cost before purchase.

Vol15-English-Nuns-THMB

The Margaret Higgins Database

HigginsOn the 7th October 2017, Catholic historians from across the country gathered in London to attend the launch of the Margaret Higgins Database by Brother Rory Higgins.

The Database provides records of approximately 274,500 persons found in the many ‘Returns of Papists’; 1705-6, 1711, 1735, 1745, 1767 and 1780 plus other sources listed at the end of the 30 page introduction. For each entry in the database the following facts may be available:

  • Year
  • Surname and Forename(s)
  • Status / Occupation
  • Age (Yrs)
  • Length of Residence
  • County / Country
  • Parish / Town / Street
  • Birthplace / Source-1
  • References / Source-2
  • Notes & Comments

The amount of information given varies and it is rare to find that all of these fields contain information for an individual. The data has been compiled over very many years by Brother Rory Higgins FSC of Australia and other members of the Catholic Family History Society.

The database is available on CD through the Catholic Family History Society and can be purchased through GenFair

CFHS NW Region Conference

Catholic Family History Society

North West Region Conference

 

Saturday 28th October 2017, 11am

 

Fulwood Methodist Church

Watling Street Road

Preston

PR2 8EA

 

 

On Saturday 28th October, the North West region of the Catholic Family History Society will be hosting a mini conference at Fulwood Methodist Church.

 

The speakers on the day will be

 

Peter Park MA FSG, on the topic of ‘Between the lines: what the records don’t tell us’

 

And

Lawrence Gregory MA, on the history and development of Catholic school archives, and their uses for genealogists.

 

Registration on the day will commence at 11am, with lunch at 12.30.

The AGM will be held at 1.45pm

Please contact Diana Henaghan to book a place

0161 483 7372 dmhenaghan@gmail.com

Heritage Open Days 2017

Screen Shot 2017-07-19 at 19.45.04

Heritage Open Days 2017 will be taking place between the 7th and the 10th September this year.

As usual many Catholic churches are opening their doors giving people the opportunity to explore buildings usually kept locked while not in use. Please consider making use of this opportunity to support these sites.

For more information consult the Heritage Open Days website www.heritageopendays.org.uk

NORTH WEST

Lancashire

Hurst Cross, St Christopher RC Church

Sefton Park, Liverpool St Clare’s RC Church

Liverpool, St Francis Xavier’s RC Church

Old Swan, Liverpool, St Oswald’s RC Church

Wallasey, Ss Peter & Paul’s RC Church (The Dome of Home)

St Helen’s, Holy Cross & St Helen RC Church

Darwen, Sacred Heart & St Edward RC Church

Over Darwen, St Joseph RC Church

Cheshire

Stockport, Our Lady & the Apostles RC Church

 

NORTH EAST & YORKSHIRE

County Durham

Old Elvet, St Cuthbert’s RC Church

Old Esh, St Michael’s RC Church

Yorkshire

Hull, St Vincent’s RC Church

Hull, St Charles Borromeo RC Church

Northumberland

Old Gate, St Robert of Newminster RC Church

Tyne and Wear

Gateshead, St Patrick’s RC Church

Sunderland, St Ignatius the Martyr RC Church

Wallsend, Our Lady & St Columba RC Church

Blaydon on Tyne, St Mary & St Thomas RC Church

 

SOUTH WEST

Cornwall

Launceston, St Cuthbert Mayne RC Church

Somerset

Bath, Eyre Chapel

 Wiltshire

Calne, St Edmund’s RC Church

 

SOUTH EAST & HOME COUNTIES

Berkshire

Reading, St James RC Church

Reading, Sacred Heart RC Church

Essex

Colchester, St James the Less & St Helen’s RC Church

Hertfordshire

Bishop’s Stortford, St Joseph’s RC Church

Kent

Folkstone, St Peter’s RC Church

Surrey

Effingham, Our Lady of Sorrows RC Church

Effingham, St Teresa’s RC School

Woking, Holy Cross Chapel

 

WEST MIDLANDS

Gloucestershire

Gloucester, St Peter’s RC Church

 Staffordshire

Newcastle under Lyme, Holy Trinity RC Church

Burslem, St Joseph’s RC Church

Stoke on Trent, Sacred Heart RC Church

Warwickshire

Birmingham, St Chad’s Cathedral

Birmingham, The Oratory

 

 EAST MIDLANDS

Lincolnshire

Grimsby, St Mary on the Sea RC Church